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Vieira da Silva
1908

On June 13, was born in Lisbon Maria Helena Vieira da Silva, the only daughter of Marcos Vieira da Silva and Maria do Céu da Silva Graça.

1911

Death of her father in Leysin (Switzerland)

1919-1927

Studies music, although neglecting in behalf of painting will follow her for the rest of her life, draws with Emilia Santos Braga and painting with Armando Lucena, teacher at Escola das Belas Artes, in Lisbon. Has classes of modelling with Ruggiero Andrade.

1926

Registers herself in anatomy, class given by the Medicine School to the Arts students.
Moves, with her mother to Alto de Sao Francisco, nr 3.

1928

Goes to live to Paris, with her mother.
In Paris registers herself in the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, where she attendant the sculpture class, by Bourdelle; here she meets Arpad Szenes.
First collective exhibition in France, “Exposition Annuelle des Beaux-Arts” from Société des Artists Français, in Grand Palais.

1929

Studies in the Scandinavian academy with the sculptor Despiau.
Choosing painting instead, she abandons sculpture definitely, destroying many of her work.
Studies painting with Dufresne, Waroquier, Friez.

1930

In February 22nd she marries with Hungarian painter Arpad Szenes, loosing her Portuguese nationality, and settled in Villa des Camélias.
Participates in the 1st Salão dos Independentes, in the Sociedade de Belas Artes in Lisbon, which is her first collective exhibition in Portugal.

1931

Participates in the Salon d’Automne and in the Salon des Surindépendants.

1932

Meets the gallery owner Jeanne Bucher which will have a crucial role in Vieira da Silva’s career.
Along with Arpad, Vieira da Silva attends the Bissière classes, at Academie Ranson.

1933
1935

António Pedro, writer, sculptor, and producer, organizes her first individual exhibition  in Lisbon, in UP gallery.Vieira and Arpad join the Amis du Monde group.
The couple leaves Paris and settles temporary in Portugal.

1936

In January, in their studio, Vieira da Silva and Arpad Szenes, exposes their abstract paintings.
The newspaper Paris Soir begins the publications of “Madame la Grammaire”  with Pierre Guéguen texts and Vieira da Silva drawings.
They return to Paris in October.

1937

In January, new exhibition in Jeanne Bucher’s Gallery. Hilla Rebay acquires a paint from Vieira for the Guggenheim collection.

1938

The couple moves to the nr 51 of Bullevard Saint-Jacques, which serves as a residence and a studio.They become friends of Apel.les Fenosa.

1939

Touch by the Spanish war, Vieira da Silva, Arpad Szenes and Étienne Hadju expose, with financial benefactors, at Jeanne Bucher gallery, in Paris.Due to the war, Vieira da Silva and Arpad Szenes decided to live in Portugal, where they stay for a year.

1940

Vieira da Silva wins a window-shop contest in a cutler’ shop. In June, the couple leaves for Brazil.

1942

Individual exhibition at Museu Nacional de Belas Artes in Rio de Janeiro. Participation in the 48th Salão Nacional de Belas artes do Rio de Janeiro.

1943

Decorates with glazed tiles the refectory room of escola Nacional de Agronomia, work which she called Kilomètre 44

1944

Exhibits in the Gallery Askanasy in Rio de Janeiro.

1945

Participates in Salon des Réalités Nouvelles in Paris.Illustrates the gothic novel of the weekly Cruzeiro. With Arpad, participates in the Exhibition of modern Brazilian painting, in the British Council of Scotland.

1946

Exhibits with Arpad Szenes in Palácio Municipal in Belo Horizonte.
The Marian Willards gallery presents her first individual exhibition in New York, organized by Jeanne Bucher.
Illustrates the Brazilian publication “Caderno da Juventude”, a collection of cultural and recreational texts.
Jeanne Bucher’s death (succeeded her in the gallery nephew Jean François Jaeger).

1947

In March, Vieira da Silva returns alone to Françe, to the Boulevard Saint-Jacques. Exhibition in Jeanne Bucher’s gallery, with works from the Brazilian period. Pierre Loeb visits her studio and his interested in her work.

1948

The French state acquires for the first time a piece by Vieira da Silva – “La Partie d’échecs”, from 1943. Makes friendship with Jean Bazaine. Guy Weelen contacts the couple for the first time.

1949

Individual exhibition in the Gallery Pierre, Paris. Individual exhibition in the Gallery Trouvaille de Lille.

1950

Exhibition in the Gallery Blanche, Stockholm. Exhibition of gouaches, with Reichel in the Gallery La Hune, Paris.

 

1951

Solo exhibition at the Gallery Pierre, Paris. Exhibition at the Gallery Jeanne-Bucher, of a group of gouaches gather by the occasion of the publication of Et Puis voilá de Marie-Catherine Bazaine, ilustrated by Vieira ad Silva.

1952

Solo exhibition at the Gallery Dupont, Lille. Scenography of La Parodie de Adamov. Participates for the first time in "The Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting" from the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh. Collective exhibition at the Redfern Gallery, London. Participates for the first time in the Salon de Mai. Solo exhibition in Stockholm.

1953

Acquisition award at the 2nd biennale of the Museum de Arte Modern of São Paulo. Exhibition at the Março Gallery, Lisbon.  Changes her residence to the Hotel des Terrasse. Vieira meets René Char.

1954

Collective exhibition at Kunsthalle of Basel. Wins tapestries contests, which were intended to the Basel University. Solo exhibition at the Cadby Birch Gallery, New York. Participates at the XXVIIª Venice Biennale. Starts a friendship with Manuel Cargaleiro. Guy Weelen becomes her agent.

1955

Collective exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum, Amesterdam, with Germaine Richier. Solo exhibition at Pierre’s Gallery, in Paris. Wins the 3rd prize at Caracas Biennale. Exhibits at Março Gallery, in Lisbon.

1956

Vieira da Silva and Arpad Szenes naturalize themselves French. They change address, to the Abbé Carton street, nr 34.Exhibits at Galleries du Perron, in Genebra, Gallery Dsaidenberg in New York, at Gallery Pórtico, in Lisbon and at Modern Art Gallery Marie-Suzanne Feigel, in Basel.

1957

Solo exhibition in London, at Hanover Gallery.

1958

The Kestner-Gesellschaft of Hanover held her first retrospective exhibition, presented later at Kunstverein de Bremen and at Kunst-und Museumverein from Wuppertal. Mention award at the annual prize by the Guggenheim Museum. 4th prize at the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh. Participates ate the Universal and International exhibition of Brussels.

1959

Works in the prints to illustrate the L'Inclémence Lointaine, anthology of poems by René Char. Participates at II Documenta '59 by Cassel.

1960

Receives the French decoration of Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. Collective exhibition at Gallery Jeanne-Bucher, in Paris, as a tribute to the gallery owner, followed by another individual exhibition.

1961

L'Inclémence Lointaine is presented in Paris by the editor Pierre Berès. Exhibits at the Knoedler Gallery in New York, and the Duncan Phillips Collection in Washington. Is an honorary guest at the VIII Salon du Sud-Ouest in Montauban. Participates at the VIº Sao Paulo’s Biennale and receives the Grand Prix International Painting Biennale.

1962

Retrospective exhibition at Städtische Kunsthalle in Mannheim. Receives, in Paris, the decoration Commandeur de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.

1963

The galleries Jeanne-Bucher, in Paris, Knoedler in New York and Phillips Collection in Washington, present Vieira da Silva’s tempers. Exhibition of L'Inclémence Lointaine in Gravura Gallery, Lisbon. The National Museum of Bezalel, in Jerusalem, presents the recorded work of the artist. Participates in the exhibition presented by the Gallery Jeanne-Bucher at the Premier Salon des Galleries Pilotes

 

1964

Death of her mother. Exhibition at Alice Pauli Gallery, Lausanne. The Painting and Sculpture Museum of Grenoble and the Galleria Civica d' Arte Moderna do Museum Cívic of Turim present a retrospective of Maria Helena’s French works. Participates in the 3rd Documental Kassel.

1965

Exhibits at the Albert Loeb Gallery, in New York. The Manufacture of Beauvais executes the first tapestry from the artist work.

1966

Solo exhibition at the Gallery Knoedler in New York. The Academia dos Amadores de Música de Lisboa organizes an exhibition of prints from the Portuguese collections. Receives an order to execute stained-glasses for the Saint-Jacques Church in Reims. Receives the Grand Prix National des Art.

1967

Exhibits at the Ratilly Castle, in Treigny, with the sculptor Étienne Martin. Solo exhibition at the Gallery Jeanne-Bucher, Paris. Participates in the 3rd Biennale International de la Tapisserie of Lausanne and in the  2nd Internationale der Zeichnung of Darmstadt. Participates in the jury of the École National Supérieure des Beaux-Arts.

1968

The first stained-glasses made in collaboration with Charles Marq and Brigitte Simon,  are placed in the Saint-Jacques Church, at the South Chapel, east wing. The placement of the remaining glasses would take several decades, and was finally inaugurated in 1997. She is nominated Honorary Member of the  Grémio Literário de Lisboa.

1969

Exhibits at the Comédie de la Loire in Tours, Gallery Jeanne-Bucher and in the Gallery Jacob in Paris. Retrospective organized by the Musée National d'Art Moderne of Paris, and also showed at the  Museum Boymans - van Beuningen of Rotterdam.

 

1970

Retrospective at the Kunstnernes Hus de Oslo, in Kunsthalle of Basel and in the Foundation Calouste Gulbenkian de Lisboa. Exhibits, in Lisbon, at Gallery 111, Judite da Cruz e São Mamede. Is named Daughter of Mark Twain, at United States of America.

1971

Is elected honorary member of the Academia das Belas Artes de Lisboa. Exhibition at the gallery Knoedler in New York. Retrospective in the Museum Fabre and gallery Frédéric Bazille, from Montpellier. Exhibition at Gallery Zen, Oporto. Exhibition of tempers, lithographs and gouaches from Vieira, related with Dora Vallier’s monograph "A pintura de Vieira da Silva", in Gallery Jeanne-Bucher.

 

1972

Exhibition of the recorded work of Vieira da Silva in the Belas Artes Museum in Rouen and Thomas-Henry in Cherbourg. Exhibits prints in the Gallery Régence Michel Vokaer in Brussels and lithographs at the gallery Véga in Liège. Artist’s retrospective in the Museum Unterlinden in Colmar. Collective exhibition with Arpad Szenes at the gallery Judite da Cruz, in Lisbon. Illustrates an edition of the “Banquete” of Platão.

1973

The Rizzoli Centre in Milan presents a group of paints of the artist. Retrospective exhibition at the Art and History Museum, in Orleans. The Maison the la Culture, Orleans presents, simultaneous, a selection of prints by the artist.

 

1974

A major exhibition of paint is organized by the Gallery Artel, from Geneva. The gallery Quadrum from Lisbon presents a selection of prints. Exhibits at the museum of Belas Artes of Dijon "Deux volets de la Donation Granville: J.F. Millet e Vieira da Silva".

 

1975

Exhibits with Arpad Szenes, at the 12th International Festival of Contemporary art of Royan. The New Gallery of Stockholm presents a number of recent tempers form Vieira da Silva. Exhibition of lithography’s and serigraphy’s from the artist at the Monique Delcourt Gallery, in Valenciennes and in the Framont  gallery, in Paris. Vieira’s prints are also presented in the Biblioteca-Museu Municipal de Vila Franca de Xira, as well as in an exhibition in Sweden. Requested by the poet and old friend Sophia de Mello Breyner, Maria Helena Vieira da Silva makes two posters published by Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, to commemorate the 25th April of 1974.

1976

The Maison des Arts et Loisirs de Sochaux, the Metz Museum, and the d'état  Luxembourg Museum  organized a retrospective of the artist work. Vieira da Silva and Arpad Szenes make an important donation to the National d'Art Moderne Museum, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, which are exposed together with paintings and tapestries that belong to the French State.

1977

The gallery Kutter presents, in Luxembourg, a group of tempers by the artist. The Museum d'Art Moderne de la Ville, Paris, organizes the first retrospective exhibition dedicated to the gouaches and tempers by Vieira, exhibition presented also in Lisbon, by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. Exhibition of prints at La Gallery, Nîmes. Is decorated by the Portuguese government with the Grã-Cruz da Ordem de Sant’Iago de Espada.                                  

1978

Print exhibition in Dreux, at the Chapelle grand' rue and in Holland, at  gallery Nieuwe Weg. The Nordjyllands Kunstmuseum de Aalborg (Dinmarc) dedicates an important retrospective to Vieira da Silva. The gallery São Mamede, in Lisbon, presents a selection of lithographs and serigraphy’s by Vieira. Exhibits at the Gallery jeanne-Buchers, Paris, with Louise Nevelson and Magdalena Abakanowicz, and in Gallery Ti-Kan, Locronan.

1979

The Museum de Agen dedicates his summer exhibition to the recorded work of Vieira da Silva, also presented in different cultural centres, cultural places and libraries in the Paris region. Exhibition of serigraphy’s, prints and lithography’s by Vieira in the Gallery of the Municipal Centre of Argenteuil and in the Library Pierre et Marie Curie de Nanterre.

 

1980

The gallery Joan Prats from barcelona and Nova Spectra in Haia, present a group pf gouaches and tempers vy the Portugese artist. The French cultural centre in Dakar, Senegal, by president Léopold Sedar Senghor request, present the work of Vieira da Silva, together with tapestry and paintings. Ilustrates with two serigraphies the collection of poems Méditerrannée from Sophia de Mello Breyner.

1981

The Cluny Municipality (françe) organises during the summer, at the stables room in Saint-Hugues, an exhibition of paintings, prints and tapestries. The Ntional library of Paris organizes an retrospective of the work donated by Vieira da Silva. Collective exhibition by Vieira da Silva, Arpad and Étienne Hajdu at École des hautes études commerciales de Jouy-en-Josas.

1982

The Gallery Jeanne-Bucher in Paris, exhibits a selection of work on papper,by Vieira da Silva. The Cooperativa Árvore (Oporto), in collaboration with the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, exhibits some of the srtits prints. The National committee and the French Embassy in Tunis, presemt a group pf paintings and prints by Vieira da Silva at the Gallery de l'Information, Túnis.

 

1983

The Rencontres d'Art du Quercy pay her homage presenting oils and tempers by the artist, at the Museum Ingres de Montauban. Is guest of honor of the XXVIII Salon des Beaux-Arts du Gâtinais, Montargis. The Museum of Belas –Artes of Bilbao, Spain, presents the work of Vieira da Silva. The Metropolitan of Lisbon order the decoration of the station Cidade Universitária. 

1984

The gallery EMI- Valentim de Carvalho, in Lisbon, organizes the first exhibition of the work painted by the couple in the years 1930/1940. The French Cultural Centre of Rome organizes an exhibition dedicated to Vieira da Silva. The 1st Draw Biennealon Clermont-Ferrand presents some works of the artist.

 

1985

Death of Arpad Szenes, at his attelier, on 16th january. The gallery 111, in Lisbon, organizes an exhibition of prints and gouaches by Vieira. Exhibits at the Belle Époque, in Lyon.

1986

By the President Léopold Sédart Senghor request, Vieira makes three original prints to acompanie the book Elégie, dedicated to the memorie of the president’s soon. Exhibition at the gallery Jeanne-Bucher, Paris, where the book Elégie is presented. Retrospective exhibition of prints by Vieira da Silva, at Artcurial, Paris. Collective exhibition with Arpad Szenes at the gallery Nasoni, Oporto, with pictures of both artits by Ursula Zanger.

 

1987

Exhibition at the Museum of Art, São Paulo, Brazil. Exhibition of Vieira and Arpad Szenes works at Gallery Bertrand, Lisbon.The Museum Granet de Aix-en-Provence presents, in the summer, an exhibition of Vieira and Arpad Szene’s painting, which is presented later in the cities of Angers and Cholet. Joint exhibition with Arpad Szenes, at the Museum Pétrarque, Fontaine-de-Vaucluse. A selection of Vieira’s prints is presented in Bellac, Caen, Toulouse and Blagnac.

 

1988

1988 – The Modern Art Centre of Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon and the Centre National des Arts Plastiques present in Lisbon and in Paris an important exhibition. The Museu Nacional do Traje, in Lisbon, organizes and exhibition of tapestries made from the works of the painter. The metropolitan station of Cidade Universidade is inaugurated.

The Lisbon Municipality gives her the Medal of the City. Is elected Member of the Royal Academy of Arts, London. Is decorated by the Portuguese and French States.

1989

The Serralves Foundation, in Oporto, organizes an exhibition that gathers the work of Vieira da Silva and Arpad Szenes in the Portuguese collections. Exhibition of Vieira’s prints at gallery Funchália, Madeira. Exhibition at Maison des Princes de Pérouges, Ain.

1990

Creation of the Arpad Szenes- Vieira da Silva Foundation, in Lisbon. Exhibition of Vieira’s prints at Tre d’Art, Toulouse, in the gallery Georges Pompidou from the Library of Anglet. Exhibition at Maison Noubel, Carcassonne.

1991

Print exhibition at the Cultural Institute of Macau. Retrospective of Vieira in Madrid, at Foundation Juan March. Exhibition “Vieira da Silva nas colecções Portuguesas” incorporated in Europália 91, Bruxelas. Exhibition of prints at the Patrick Derom gallery, in Brussels. Is promoted to “Oficial da Legião de Honra”.

1992

Dies at 6th March, being buried in Yèvre-le-Châtel, near her mother and Arpad. Exhibition at gallery Nasoni, in Lisbon, and in Oporto, with the artist Paula Rego. Exhibition "Hommage à Vieira da Silva", at Alice Pauli gallery, Lausanne

1993

Exhibition “Vieira da Silva nas Colecções Portuguesas” in Pontevedra, Spain. Exhibition of prints to L’Inclémence Lointaine de René Char, at Galeria Municipal de Exposições, Vila Franca de Xira. Exhibition of the graphic work of Vieira, Gérard A. Schreiner collection, at the Covent of São Francisco, in Tomar.

 

1994

The Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva Foundation opens to public at 3rd November. Exhibition “Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva nas colecções portuguesas at the History Museum of Budapest, built in commemoration of Lisbon. European Capital of Culture. Exhibition "Hommage a Vieira da Silva", at gallery Jeanne-Bucher. New exhibition at gallery Jeanne-Bucher, in Paris.

1995

Exhibition "Hommage à Vieira da Silva et Arpad Szenes" at Abbaye de Beaulieu, Centre d'Art Contemporain, in Ginals.  Exhibition of paints and prints from the artist at Leal Senado, Macau. Retrospective exhibition at Mjällby Art Center in Halmstad, in Sweden.

1996-1997

Print exhibition by Vieira da Silva, at Museum Torres Garcia, Montevideo and Centro Cultural Borges, in Buenos Aires.

1997

Exhibition "Arpad Szenes e Vieira da Silva – Retratos", at Museum Castro Maya, Rio de Janeiro and Lasar Segall, São Paulo.  Exhibition of paints and gouaches by Vieira da Silva and Arpad Szenes at Gallery 111, Lisbon.  Exhibition of prints at gallery Municipal and Gallery Morgados da Pedricosa, Aveiro. Exhibition of prints at Auditório Municipal, Vila do Conde.

1998

Exhibition of prints by Vieira, at  Cultural International Centre, Cracóvia. Collective exhibition "L’art in Francia e in Itália dal 1917 al 1937", Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome.

1999

Exhibition "Arpad Szenes e Vieira da Silva – Retratos", at the Museum of Arts, in Budapest. Exhibition of draws, gouaches and prints at Foundation Dina Vierny, Musée Maillol, Paris.  Exhibition of Vieira da Silva’s prints at gallery Arte do Convento Espírito Santo, Loulé. Exhibition of Vieira da Silva’s prints at municipal gallery Exposições do Palácio Quinta da Piedade, Póvoa de Santa Iria – Vila Franca de Xira. Exhibition of Vieira da Silva’s prints at Museum Dr. Santos Rocha, in Figueira da Foz.  Draws exhibition "Itinerário", at Caldas da Rainha Municipality, Gallery Osíris, at Caldas da Rainha. Exhibition at the Xavier Battini Arts and Culture Centre, Campedron.

 

2000

Individual exhibition of prints, at Municipality of Viana do Castelo, Museu do Traje, in Viana do Castelo. Individual exhibtion"33 gravuras e 3 pinturas", Instituto Açoriano de Cultura, Capitães Generais Pallace, Angra do Heroísmo. Exhibition of prints at the Museum Rignault, Saint-Cirq-Lapopie. Exhibition at the Fundación Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa, inBilbao. Exhibition of the graphic work at the Municipal gallery of Montijo. Exhibition "Gravuras de Arpad e desenhos de Vieira", at gallery Osíris, Caldas da Rainha. Exhibition "Arpad Szenes e Vieira da Silva – período brasileiro", at Pinacoteca ,in São Paulo.  Exhibition "Arpad Szenes e Vieira da Silva – pintura", at the national congress centre, in Aveiro.

 

2001

Exhibition of prints at Torre da Cadeia Velha, Ponte de Lima e na Casa da Cultura, Estarreja. Exhibition "Arpad Szenes e Vieira da Silva – período brasileiro", Foundation Casa França-Brasil, Rio de Janeiro

2002

Exhibition of prints at the gallery: Fonseca Macedo, inPonta Delgada; Municipal, inSobral de Montagraço; Posto de Turismo, in Moita; Municipal, in Loures.

2003

Exhibition of Vieira’s prints at gallery of the municipal library, in Azambuja and in the 2nd Print biennale of Douro, Municipal gallery, Alijó. Exhibition at Palazzo Magnani, Reggio Emília.

2004

Exhibition of the prints at the Forum Eugénio de Almeida, Évora, and in the House d’El Rei D. Miguel, Casa da Cultura João Ferreira da Maia, Rio Maior.

2004-2005

"Vieira da Silva nas colecções internacionais" – exhibition at Arpad Szenes-Vieira da SIlva which celebrates its 10th anniversary since the public opening of the Museum Foundation

2005

Prints exhibition at Palácio da Galeria, Tavira; at gallery Mouzinho de Albuquerque, Batalha and at the Cultural Forum of Ermesinde

2006

Print exhibition at the Empresa Municipal de Educação e Cultura de Barcelos. Collective exhibitions Arco ’06 ("one man show: Maria Helena Vieira da Silva – paintings and Works on paper"), Madrid; "Cinquenta anos de gravura portuguesa: uma plataforma para o futuro", Palácio da Galeria and Casa das Artes de Tavira; Sociedade Nacional de Belas Artes de Lisboa.

2007

Exhibition "Vieira da Silva no Brasil", MAM São Paulo. Exhibition at Cultural Centre,Calouste Gulbenkian of Paris.

2008

"Vieira da Silva: un élan de sublimation" – exhibition at Foundation Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva, at the centenary of the birth of the painter.  Exhibition of prints at gallery Vieira da Silva, Loures. "Vieira da Silva, Célébration du centenaire de sa naissance", Gallery Jeanne-Bucher and at the  Grand Palais em Paris. Collective exhibitions: "Lá Fora", Municipality of Viana do Castelo e Museu da Electricidade, Lisboa; "Vieira da Silva, Arpad Szenes e o Castelo Surrealista", Museu da Electricidade, Lisboa

2009-2010

"Património e Biografia: Vieira da Silva e o Jardim das Amoreiras" – exhibition at Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva Foundation, included as part of the celebrations for the 15th Anniversary for the opening of the Arpad Szenes-Vieira de Silva Foundation.

 

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