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Arpad Szenes
1897

Is born on 6th May at Budapest (hungry), son of Charles and Olga Heller.

1913

Finish high school. Lives in a cosmopolitan environment. In his house gather intellectuals, artists and musicians.

1916

Death of his father. MEncouraged by his friend and sculpture Desider Bokros-Bierman, joins the Free Academy of Budapest where is a student of Rippl Ronnaï. Discovers the music of Bartok e Kodaly and the vanguard art of Lajos Kassak, painter, sculptor and writer connected with the Dada movement.

 

1919

After the October revolution in Hungry, he is interested by the vanguard movement (cubism, futurism, and constructivism) that arise in Budapest.

1922

Exhibits, for the first time, abstract paintings at the Museum Ernst, Budapest.

1924

Travels truth Europe and discovering in Germany the Klee and Kadinsky art, and in Italy is thrill by the early artist of Siena, Giotto and Piero Della Francesca.

1925

Stays in Paris where, to survive, makes caricatures in coffee and cabarets of Montmartre.

1928

Meets Maria Helena Vieira da Silva, at the Grande Chaumière Academy, which attends although he is not registered. Returns to Hungary for a year.

 

1930

At 22nd February marries to the painter Maria Helena Vieira da Silva, settling at the place Villa des Camélias, where they met Pascin, Varèse, Kokoschka, Giacometti, Calder, Lipchitz, among other artists. From this date makes numerous portraits of his wife. Becomes stateless.

 

1931

Works with Hayter at the Atelier 17, in engravings, a technique that only used sporadically in 1941 and 1968, from 1974 to illustrate several books. There he met Miró and Ernst, artists of the surreal movement, which will mark his painting therefore. Contact with the artists Etienne Hajdu, Estève e Ernest Pignon. Exhibits at the Salon des Surindépendents français and at the gallery Bonaparte, Paris. Stays in Portugal and travels to Spain.

1932

Discovers the painting of Odilon Redon and admires the art of Tanguy, and is influence by both. Meets the gallery owner Jeanne Bucher. Attend, along with Vieira da Silva, the classes of Bissière at the Académie Ranson. Exhibits at the Salon d’Automne and at the Salon des Tuileries, Paris.

1933

The UP gallery, in Lisbon, directed by António Pedro, presents a number of prints by Arpad, Hayter and Julian Trevelyan. Influenced by Kafka’s Metamorphosis Arpad performs a series of prints about it.

1934

Meet the couple of artists Sonia and Robert Delaunay.

1935

Arpad and Vieira join the group Amis du Monde. Exhibits at the Salão de Arte Moderna, in Lisbon, where he gives a conference about abstract art.

1936

In January, Arpad and Vieira da Silva, exhibit abstract works at their atelier, in Lisbon. Paints big abstracts canvas. Exhibits at the Leicester Gallery, in London. At the Atellier 17; at Kunstzaal in Haia; at gallery Manes, in Prague, at the Jeane Bucher’s galley in Paris and at East River Gallery, in New York. The couple returns to Paris in October.

1937

According to artist Marie Cuttoli’s request, Arpad copies to a tapestry card works of Matisse and Braque. Integrated in to Jean Lurçat team, Arpad Szenes works at the decoration of the International Exhibition, in Paris. Exhibits at the gallery Au carrefour and  Aux quatre chemins in Paris. Makes prints to illustrate the poem book La chasse au Faon Rose by Pierre Guegen.

 

1938

The couple settles at Boulevard Saint-Jacques, where they meet Apel.les Fenosa. Exhibits at the gallery Jeanne-Bucher and  Delcourt , both in Paris.

 

1939

Death of his mother. Moves to Portugal, pressured by the threat of war. The couple trusts their atelier and their work to Jeanne Bucher. Exhibits, in Paris, at the Henriette Gomez gallery, and individually at the Jeanne-Bucher gallery.

1940

Exhibition of recent works by the artist, at the Secretariado Nacional de Informação, in Lisbon. Although the couple’s religious marriage, and Arpad has converted to Catholicism, the Portuguese state denies to the artist the Portuguese nationality, so in June, and running from war, and they depart to Brazil and settle in Rio de Janeiro.

1941

Individual exhibition at the Casa da imprensa, in Rio de Janeiro.

1943

Receives na order from Heitor Grillo, director of the Rural University, to produce 15 portraits of strong personalities who have distinguished themselves in agriculture.

1944

Illustrates the works of Murilo Mendes, Cecília Meireles, Mário de Andrade and Jorge de Lima. Arpad illustrates also O canto de amor e da morte do cornetim Christophe Rilke from Rainer Maria Rilke, whose studies will lead to the series theme "Banquet". Exhibits at the Museu Nacional de Belas-Artes, in Rio de Janeiro; at the Royal Academy, in London, and at the Modern Art Museum, in New York. Exhibits also, for R.A.F.’s benefit, at the exhibitions organized by the UNESCO, in London and Paris.

1945

Exhibits at the Art Institute, Chicago and at the  Museum Cincinnati. Together, with Vieira da Silva, exhibits at the Biblioteca Municipal de Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Also with Vieira da Silva, attends the Exhibition of modern Brazilian painting, at the British Council of Scotland.

1946

Individual exhibition at the Instituto dos Arquitectos Brasileiros, in Rio de Janeiro and at the Palácio Municipal, Belo Horizonte Exhibits at the Museum Legion of Honour in San Francisco. Executes the mural decoration of the Municipality building, at Ilha do Governador, Rio de Janeiro.

1947

Arpad returns to Paris (Vieira would returned alone two months before), to the Boulevard Saint-Jacques, where he exhibits at the gallery Bussy.

 

1948

Executes the abstracts series "Banquets", "Parques" e "Conversations", where lines of strength, tension and movement are his main concern. Participates in the Salon de Mai, Paris. Exhibits at the Museum of Nimes and at the gallery Jeanne-Bucher.

1949

Individual exhibition at gallery Jeanne-Bucher, Paris.

1952

Participates in several exhibitions: Gallery Vivet, Paris; Musée Cantonal, Lausanne; Kunsthaus, Zurich; Museum of Chartres. Also exhibits in Milan and Copenhagen and, individually at gallery Jeanne-Bucher, in Paris.

 

1953

Participates at the Biennale of Modern Art, in Sao Paulo. Exhibits at the Central Modern, Guggenheim Foundation and at the American Federation of Arts, New York, as well as in the Salon de Mai, Paris. Changes his residence for the Hotel des Terrasses.

 

1955

Exhibits at the Beaune gallery, in Paris; Musée Cantonal, Lausanne; Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh and, individually at  gallery Jeanne-Bucher, Paris.

 

1956

Acquires, with Vieira da Silva, the French Nationality. Settles at rue de l’Abbé-Carto.

 

1957

Exhibits at Belgrade and in Zagreb and, individually at the gallery Betty Thommem, in Basileia.

1958

Travels to Portugal and Spain. Exhibits at the gallery Rive Gauche in Paris; at the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh and, individually, in gallery Pierre, Paris.

1959

Exhibits at the Varsovia Museum; at the II Dokumenta de Kassel; at Gallery Art vivant, Paris; at Viener Kunstlerhaus, Viena and at Neue Galerie, Stadt Linz.

1960

Exhibits at the gallery Cahiers d'Art (individually) and at Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Paris; at Konstmuséum, Göteborg; at Salon de Mai, Paris; AT Kunsthaus, Zurich; at Gallery Jeanne-Bucher and Pierre, in Paris; at Tel-Aviv Museum and Museu Bezalel, in Jerusalem.

1961

Individual exhibition at Galerie du Grand Chêne, Lausanne. Exhibits also at Museum of Modern Art, Haïffa; at Museum of Modern Art, Paris; at the Decorative Arts Museum, Tokyo and Quioto; nat Salon de Mai, Paris; at Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam and at Salon d’Automne, Paris.

 

1962

Exhibits at the National Museum of Varsovia; at Gallery Creuzevault and at Salon des réalités nouvelles, Paris. Is nominated Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, by the French state.

1963

Exhibition at the gallery Jeanne-Bucher, Paris. Exhibits at the Zagreb and Ljubljana Museums, at the National Gallery, Salisbury; at the National Museum of Modern Art, Paris and at Musée Cantonal, Lausanne.

1964

Participates at the IIIª DoKumenta de Kassel. Travels to Italy with Vieira da Silva, Murilo e Saudade Mendes.

1965

Arpad participates in the following exhibitions: Festival of the city Montrouge; gallery-library La Hune, Paris; Itinerant exhibition at South America (Lima, Santiago in Chile, and Bogotá); Ateneum, Helsínquia; Art Museum, Turku; Art Museum of Tempere; Museum of Carpentras. Exhibits at the gallery Cahiers d'Art, Paris; at Gallery Alice Pauli, Lausanne and at Gallery 27, Oslo.

1966

Illustrates in gouache the manuscript Termes épars by René Char. Exhibits at Salon de Mai, Paris; at Foundation Maeght, Saint-Paul de Vence; at Quebec Museum and Contemporary Art Museum of Montréal.

1967

Participates in the following exhibitions: Universal Exhibition, Montréal; Salon de Mai, Paris; Salon de Mai, Cuba; Travelling exhibition by the East Countries; Gallery Domec; Art Exhibition of the  XVIIIº Congress of the French Communists and Gallery Jacob, Paris; Théâtre de la Maison de la Culture, Caen; Gallery Cimaise, Paris; and Maeght Foundation, Saint-Paul de Vence.

1968

Exhibits at the gallery Alice Pauli, Lausanne. Participates in the following exhibitions: Itinerant exhibition by the United States and Montréal (National Gallery of Art, Washington; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; The Art Institute of Chicago; Michael Henry de Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco; Contemporary Art Museum, Montréal; The Detroit Museum of Art); Itinerant exhibition by the East Countries; Salon des Réalités Nouvelles; Gallery Max Kaganovitch and gallery La Roue, Paris; Maisons de la Culture from Firminy, Thonon, Montpellier, Céret, Toulouse, Auxerre, Nantes, Plessis-Robinson, Pézanas; French Institute of Colonia.

1969

Exhibits at the Château de Ratilly; at gallery Cahiers d’Art and at gallery Jacob, in Paris. Participates in an itinerant exhibition in South America. Exhibits at the Museum Céret and at Centre National d'Art Contemporain, Paris.

1970

Exhibits at the gallery Régence, Brussels. Participates in the following exhibitions: Museu Fabre, Montpellier; Gallery Zumini, Paris; Exhibition in Budapest; Festival de Montages; e na sous-préfecture de Rambouillet.

1971

First retrospective exhibition of Arpad Work, in a travelling exhibition, organized by the Inspection des Musées de province, at the Museums of Art of Rouen, Rennes and Lille. Exhibition at the Grand Palais, Paris; Maeght Foundation, Saint-Paul de Vence; Fabre Museum, Montpellier and at gallery Jacob, Paris.

 

1972-1973

Retrospective exhibition (from previous year) at Museum of Arts, Orleans, and at Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation (with a series of draws and old works).Retrospective exhibitions at the Museums Dijon, Nancy, Besançon, Nantes, Reims, Montpellier and at Château de Ste-Suzanne, Mayenne. Illustrates the book Troisième Léxique by Jean Grenier.

1974

Retrospective exhibition at the Museum d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris.Exhibits at the gallery Jeanne-Bucher and gallery Jacob, Paris. Arpad makes an important donation at the Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, which is expose along with his other works.

1975-1976

Is nominated member of the jury of the Rome Award.Exhibits at the gallery Michel Vokaer, Brussels; at gallery Kutter, Luxemburg; and Fabre Museum of Montpellier.

1977-1978

The National Museum of Arts of Dudapest (gallery Magyar Nemzeti) and the Vàrisi Tanacs Kiallitoterme de Pécs Museum, Hungary, as well as the Galerie de l'Information from Tunes, present retrospective exhibitions from Arpad work.

1978

The Portuguese Cinema Centre produces a bibliographic movie about the couple, entitled Ma femme chamada Bicho, directed by José Alvaro Morais.

Arpad Szenes illustrates several works, such as: Mysticité charnelle de René Crevel, by Eddy Batache; Veilleurs aux confins, by Claude Estéban and Le savoir de Vulcain, by Jocelyne François. A series of interviews with the couple under the title L'éclat de la lumière, entretiens avec Marie-Hélène Vieira da Silva et Arpad Szenes, is published by Gallimard Editions, Paris.

1979

Individual exhibition at gallery Jeanne-Bucher, Paris.

1981

On the occasion of the publishing of the book Le Banquet (ed. La Difference), by Guy Weelen, Arpad exhibits some works on this theme, at the gallery Jacob, Paris. Exhibits at the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon. Is elected member of committee of the French Illustrated book.

1982

Individual exhibition at the Museum Ingres de Montauban and in  Alliance Française in Lisbon. Illustrates the poem book of Gilles Gourdon.

1983

Individual exhibition at the Art Museum of Dijon. The Portuguese Cultural Centre of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, in Paris, presents "Portraits de Vieira" – draws by Arpad Szenes, reproduced also in book (ed. La Différence, Paris). Illustrates the poem book Sefar, by Lorand Gaspar.

1984

The Cooperativa Árvore, Oporto, presents the exhibition “Retratos de Vieira”. The gallery EMI-Valentim de Carvalho, in Lisbon, organizes the first exhibition with the couple’s work, regarding the period of the years 30/40, by the launch of the book Vieira da Silva, Arpad Szenes ou o castelo surrealista, by Mário Cesariny (ed. Assírio e Alvim).

1985

Arpad Szenes dies at his studio in Paris, at 16th January. The gallery owner Jeanne-Bucher and Jacob pay him tribute with retrospective exhibitions of the artist work. The Modern Art Centre of Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, presents the exhibition “Retratos de Vieira”.

1986

The Portuguese Cultural Centre of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, in Paris, presents the exhibition "Arpad Szenes Lumière-Portugal". Exhibition at Nasoni gallery, Oporto and in Vézelay (Yonne).

1987

The Portuguese Cultural Centre of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation presents the exhibition “Arpad Szenes Luz - Portugal". Exhibitions at Museum Granet in Aix-en-Provence; in Anjou, Angers e Cholet; and at gallery Bertrand, Lisbon.

1988

Posthumously, Arpad receives from the President of the Portuguese Republic the Grã-Cruz da Ordem de Santiago da Espada. Exhibition at gallery Jacob, in Paris.

1989

Exhibition at Casa de Serralves, Oporto, and at gallery Jeanne-Bucher, Paris.

1990

Exhibition at Maison des Princes em Pérouges.

1994

Exhibition at F.I.A.C. (Feira Internacional de Arte Contemporânea), at the Grand Palais in Paris. Exhibition at the History Museum of Budapest, by the celebration “Lisboa, Capital Europeia da Cultura". Exhibition of Vieira’s restitution to the state, at Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris. The Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva Foundation opens to public.

1995

Exhibition of Arpad and Vieira d Silva’s work at Abbaye de Beaulieu, Ginals. Exhibition "Arpad Szenes 1897-1985" at Pontevedra Museum.

1997

Exhibition celebrating the centenary of Arpad’s birth: “Desenhos”, Arpad Szenes – Vieira da Silva Foundation and “Pintura”, at Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation.

1998

Exhibition of Arpad’s draws at "Sala da Cidade" in Mosteiro de Santa Cruz, Coimbra.

1999

Exhibition “Retratos de Arpad Szenes e Vieira da Silva”, at Art Museum of Budapest. Exhibition of Arpad’s draws at Casa da Cerca – Centro de Arte Contemporânea, Almada. Exhibition of Arpad’s prints at Câmara Municipal das Caldas da Rainha, Osíris gallery.

2000

Exhibition of Arpad work at Association pour la Promotion des Arts, Hôtel de Ville, Paris. Exhibition of Arpad’s draws at  Júlio Resende Foundation, Lugar do Desenho, Oporto.

2007

"Arpad Szenes: obras da Fundação Arpad Szenes Vieira da Silva" – exhibition at Arpad Szenes-Vieira da Silva Foundation, which later celebrates the 10th anniversary of the opening of the Museum.

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